Railway construction and the environment
The engineering works for a new line constitute an encroachment into the natural environment. However, this is mitigated or compensated or a replacement environment is provided based on a detailed concept. Deutsche Bahn's plans also include analysing the environment affected and taking the required comprehensive compensation or replacement measures to ensure that the new line blends into its environment as harmoniously as possible.
These measures affect an area of over 2,000 hectares. The project-accompanying landscaping is carried out before the track is constructed in order to offer alternatives to the affected biotopes in good time. For example, a forest area with a damp biotope was created near Gröbers by planting sessile oak trees. The banks of the rehabilitated Kabelskebach, a small river in the Kabelske Valley with widened sections and shallow water areas, have been planted with suitable grasses, shrubs and trees. The 30-metre railway bridge over the river also serves to link biotopes. The new line has been equipped with noise protection in accordance with statutory requirements.