Landscape conservation plans are required by legislation to accompany all plans and have been included right from the outset in this project. The measures focused primarily on the Elbe floodplain, a landscape conservation area of European importance with a number of species on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Great emphasis was placed on avoiding a negative impact on the environment. Where this was not possible, measures were taken to compensate for or replace what was lost. The concrete avoidance measures included the rerouting of the railway line to bypass a pond that provides a habitat for a particularly rare water chestnut.
The water chestnut, which was still sold at markets in the area last century, is now only found in a flood-water lake near Pratau. 14 locations near Wittenberg were chosen for the reintroduction of this edible fruit. The plants were successfully introduced, and their number has almost doubled annually since 1995. The ecological balance was improved by partially removing some of the existing dykes in the Elbe floodplain. Further important compensation measures were the relocation of the Elbe dyke by Boos to extend the flood storage reservoir and protect the drinking water zone in the Elbe floodplain.
Removal of level crossings
The removal of level crossings considerably relieves road traffic congestion. The level crossings divided the town and caused congestion in the town centre. Their removal makes the town easier to access and significantly improves the flow of through traffic from both north to south and east to west.